Case examiners

Case examiners are appointed GDC staff members with a statutory duty to make decisions. Case examiners take over the case after casework have looked into the concern and referred the matter for more in depth consideration. Each case is considered by a pair of case examiners, one lay and one a dentist or dental care professional. They review all the relevant evidence gathered by casework, including any evidence provided by the registrant or the informant.

The case examiners are not asked to decide the facts of the case. They do not consider if the allegations made against a registrant are true or not true. The case examiners are required instead to consider if there is a real prospect that the allegation in the case could be proved and that, if proven, it would suggest that the registrant's ability to practice as a dental professional may be effected. The case examiners work using a filtering process, closing some cases without further action and referring others for a full hearing.

In coming to that determination the case examiners consider:

  • whether there is a real prospect of the facts, as alleged being found proved, and if so,
  • whether or not there is a real prospect of the statutory ground being established (e.g. misconduct), and if so,
  • whether or not there is a real prospect of a finding of current impairment being made.

The real prospect test means that the case examiners have to decide if there is a genuine, not remote or fanciful, possibility of establishing at a Practice Committee, that the registrant's ability to practise as a dental professional is currently impaired.

The case examiners have a number of outcomes available to them when making a decision:

  • To adjourn the case for further information.
  • To close the case and take no further action.
  • To issue a letter of advice to the registrant.
  • To issue a warning to the registrant.
  • To issue a warning to the registrant and direct that the warning should be published on the GDC website.
  • To refer the case to the Interim Orders Committee.
  • To ask the registrant to agree a series of undertakings on their registration.
  • To refer the case to one of the three practice committees for a full inquiry.

The GDC's three Practice Committees are:

It is important to note that when one or both of the case examiners consider it appropriate, they may refer the case to the Interim Orders Committee (IOC). The IOC will consider if a dental professional's registration should be suspended, or made subject to conditions, prior to the full hearing.

Your contact details

Please ensure that you keep the GDC informed of any changes to your address or other contact details as the case review team (CRT) will need to be able to contact you during your period of undertakings.

Contact the case review team

If you would like to contact us, please get in touch.

Current GDC case examiners

The GDC has 14 case examiners; nine clinical and five lay.

Clinical Case Examiner

Anita Carter

Anita Carter qualified as a Dental Surgery Assistant in 1989, studied Human Biology at the University of Hertfordshire in 2003, ...

Lay Case Examiner

Caroline Jaggard

Caroline has over 18 years’ experience as a solicitor, working in healthcare regulation in private practice for a range of ...

Clinical Case Examiner

David Brabner

David initially worked in general dental practice after graduating at Bristol University in 1983. He subsequently joined the community dental ...

Investigating Committee, Clinical Case Examiner

Geraldine Birks

Geraldine is a DCP Postgraduate Tutor for Health Education England (HEE), across Yorkshire and the Humber, based at the University ...

Investigating Committee, Lay Case Examiner

Karen Trego

Karen was a Thames Valley Police Officer where she specialised in criminal investigation. As a former Detective Superintendent Senior Investigating ...

Investigating Committee, Clinical Case Examiner

Komal Patel

Komal Patel was appointed as an Investigating Committee dentist member in November 2014. She works part time in general practice ...

Investigating Committee, Clinical Case Examiner

Laura Heskins

Laura Heskins is a dental hygiene therapist working part-time for a Community and Special Care Dentistry Service. She qualified from ...

Lay Case Examiner

Peter Lynn

Peter Lynn has a long background in professional healthcare regulation. He held a number of roles at the General Medical ...

Investigating Committee, Clinical Case Examiner

Rachel Miller

Rachel Miller qualified at Newcastle Dental School in 2001. Following posts in general practice, dental access centres and clinical academia ...

Clinical Case Examiner

Ray McAndrew

Ray McAndrew has been in clinical practice for 37 years. Ray spent nearly 15 years in England and the rest ...

Clinical Case Examiner

Sanhita Subramanian

Sanhita Subramanian qualified at Liverpool Dental School in 1990. After completing vocational training she entered general practice, working in NHS ...

Lay Case Examiner

Tim Bailey

Tim Bailey has over 25 years’ experience in dispute resolution and investigations, specialising mainly in consumer complaints and professional conduct ...

Lay Case Examiner

Wayne Pearson

Wayne has over 30 years’ experience of working in consumer protection and professional services regulatory environments. His experience includes having been ...